Many of our teams are getting great benefit from publishing virtual machine images as a build artifact during their automated build processes. These machine images are published with the application and all dependencies, often in an immutable state. With minimal additional configuration the image can be used to create identical virtual machines in all environments eliminating many common sources of error and waste. Tools are emerging to make this approach simpler, for example Packer in the tools section of the Radar. This approach is working well in companies that take a mature approach to cloud and virtualization, and where delivery teams have responsibility and access right through to production.