Expect 2016 to see the embracing of open standards that improve device monitoring, data acquisition and analysis, and overall information sharing. We will also see a divergence in the issues surrounding types of data collected by these devices. Personal, consumer-driven data will increase security and privacy complexities. Enterprise-driven data will increase the complexities of issues like knowledge sharing, storage architectures, and usage patterns.
All of these sensors and devices produce large volumes of data about many things, some of which have never before been monitored. The combination of ever cheaper sensors and devices and the ease with which the collected data can be analyzed will generate an explosion of innovative new products and concepts in 2016.
Until 2015, general programming for GPU was intensive, requiring developers to manage the hardware level details of this infrastructure. Nvidia’s CUDA is a parallel computing platform and programming model, however, that provides an API that abstracts the underlying hardware from the program. Additionally, Khronos Group’s Open Computing Language (OpenCL) is a framework for writing programs that execute across heterogeneous platforms consisting of CPUs, GPUs, as well as digital signal processors (DSPs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and other processors or hardware accelerators.
With these programming abstractions comes the realistic ability for many organizations to consider GPU infrastructure rather than (or in addition to) CPU compute clusters. Look for the combination of open source cloud computing software such as OpenStack and Cloud Foundry to enable the use of GPU hardware to build private and public cloud computing platforms.
In 2014 Gartner coined the acronym HTAP (Hybrid Transaction/Analytic Processing) to describe a new type of technology that supports both operational and analytical use cases without any additional data management infrastructure. HTAP enables the real-time detection of trends and signals that enables rapid and immediate response. HTAP can enable retailers to quickly identify items that are trending as best-sellers within the past hour and immediately create customized offers for that item.
Conventional DBMS technologies are not capable of supporting HTAP due to their inherent locking contention and inability to scale (I/O and memory). However, the emergence of NewSQL technologies couples the performance and scalability of NoSQL technologies with the ACID properties of tradtional DBMS technologies to enable this hybrid ability to handle OLTP, OLAP, and other analytical queries. HTAP functionality is offered by database companies, such as MemSQL, VoltDB, NuoDB and InfinitumDB. Expect to see the adoption of these technologies by organizations looking to avoid the complexities of separate data management solutions.